Climate, Environmental, and Health Impacts of Fossil Fuels

Organizational Author: Environmental and Energy Study Institute

Resource Author: Savannah Bertrand

Date Published: 2021

Resource Type: Publication

The use of fossil fuels—coal, oil, and natural gas—results in significant climate, environmental, and health costs that are not reflected in market prices. These costs are known as externalities. Each stage of the fossil fuel supply chain, from extraction and transportation to refining and burning, generates externalities. This fact sheet provides a survey of some of the externalities associated with fossil fuels.